Lesson 5

Chart 1

I. The Land of Promise

1. Possessing the Land


a. The Death of Moses (Deuteronomy 34)

Because of unbelief Israel reaped the judgment of God. This judgment caused them to wander in the wilderness for forty years. Those who did not believe that God would give the land of promise to Israel died in the wilderness. Two men, Joshua and Caleb, were saved from the judgment reaped by this unbelieving generation. Their faith in God's Word delivered them from an early grave, and put them in the land of promise safely. They trusted in God and leaned not unto their own understanding.

Joshua and Caleb were the only two persons remaining from the Egyptian exodus who were above the age of twenty at the time of their departure. God's Word is true and He has the resources to see that His plan is carried out.

During the last years of Israel's wandering. God instructed Moses to speak to the rock. God had promised to provide Israel with water that they had cried for. Moses in his anger struck the rock, disobeying God. God in mercy, however, did cause water to come forth out of that rock. Nevertheless, his disobedience kept Moses from entering the promised land. (See Numbers 20:7-12.)

Num 20:7-12

7 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,


8 Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink.


9 And Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as he commanded him.


10 And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?


11 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also.


12 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.



Moses, was allowed to view the promised land from Mt. Pisgah; he then died and was buried by the Lord. The leadership then passed on Joshua to take Israel into the promised land.


b. Crossing Jordan

When the priest's feet went into the Jordan river, the waters divided. The priest went into the middle of Jordan and stood there until all of Israel passed over to the other side. Twelve men took a stone and placed the stones in the Jordan River as a memorial to God. They also took twelve stones from the Jordan River and built another memorial to God at Gilgal. This was a sign and a reminder to future generations of what God had done (Joshua 3 and 4). It is good for children, families, and friends to be reminded from time to time of the great deliverance God has wrought.

Someone has aptly described memory as "the jewel box of the mind." The term is true, however, only if memories contain those things that are beautiful and true and good. Ugly things are not for jewel boxes, and the memory of wrong deeds or unkind words or evil thoughts will bring no happiness in days to come. It is important to live in such a way that today's actions will become precious memories in future years. The words of the great Apostle Paul are meaningful, "Whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report. . .think on these things" (Philippians 4:8).



The Hebrews entered into the promised land which is a type of possessing the proimse of God: The warfare, trials, mountain top experiences, and valleys are a part of living and maturing spiritually. Israel was delivered from Egypt, a type of sinful bondage. Israel's forty years of wandering is a type of the results of failing to believe in and act upon the promise of God. Unbelief caused 1000's to perish in the wilderness. Millions today still wander in the dark wilderness of unbelief. All the older ones (except two believers) of Israel died in the wilderness in their unbelief, while their offspring went with Joshua into the promised land.


c. The Battle for the Land

The promised blessing would belong to Israel if they would believe and obey the Lord and take the land. Israel must fight for the land of Canaan but God would fight for them as they believed and obeyed the Lord.


God worked miraculously giving Israel victory after victory. Imagine the confusion of the inhabitants of Jericho (Joshua 6) watching the great host of Israel marching around the walls. They marched around the city once each day for six consecutive days. On the seventh day they compassed the city seven times. At the end of the seventh march on the seventh day, Israel gave a mighty shout and the walls came falling down flat. God gave Israel a tremendous victory! The marching around Jericho may have seemed foolish, but God often uses foolish things of this world to confound the wise. The major thing to remember always is to obey the Lord and exercise your faith and then victory will follow (Hebrews 11:30).

Heb 11:30

30 By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after they were compassed about seven days.


Israel fought against Ai (Joshua 7) but lost that battle because there was sin in the camp. God had told the Israelites not to take anything, no silver, gold, brass, iron or garments for themselves out of Jericho. All spoils from this city were the first fruits and belonged to God. Elated by their victory over Jericho, they decided to send only two or three thousand men to Ai.

Israel fought but lost the battle at Ai because there was sin in the camp. Unknown to Joshua, Achan had taken and hidden the forbidden spoils in the earth inside his tent. This sin brought the judgment of God. The soldiers came back from the defeat at Ai, wondering what was wrong. Achan's sin was exposed and the judgment of God caused him and his family to be destroyed (Joshua 7:24-26).

Josh 7:24-26

24 And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the garment, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he had: and they brought them unto the valley of Achor.


25 And Joshua said, Why hast thou troubled us? the LORD shall trouble thee this day. And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones.


26 And they raised over him a great heap of stones unto this day. So the LORD turned from the fierceness of his anger. Wherefore the name of that place was called, The valley of Achor, unto this day.


Sin defeats God's purpose of victorious living. Man is powerless to fight against sin without God's Spirit dwelling within him. Victory, power, joy and peace are found only in the Holy Ghost.


d. The Land Subdued

From city to city and village to village the army of Israel fought on to take their promised land. North to south and east to west they won each victory. Joshua was a great leader, constantly challenging them to the triumph ahead.


Israel, by the power of God, subdued the land, and the land was divided (Joshua 14) so the twelve tribes of Israel could have their own areas to dwell in. It was then, after a long life of service, that Joshua died (Joshua 24). There was no successor to Joshua.


Israel fell into the deepest of sins after Joshua's death because of the lack of good leadership. Sin led to captivity. In their captivity they cried out to God and God then raised up judges to lead Israel (Judges 2:16-23).

Judg 2:16-23

16 Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, which delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled them.


17 And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the LORD; but they did not so.


18 And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them.


19 And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned, and corrupted themselves more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way.


20 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said, Because that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice;


21 I also will not henceforth drive out any from before them of the nations which Joshua left when he died:


22 That through them I may prove Israel, whether they will keep the way of the LORD to walk therein, as their fathers did keep it, or not.


23 Therefore the LORD left those nations, without driving them out hastily; neither delivered he them into the hand of Joshua.


There were fifteen judges in all, one was a woman (Deborah) two were priests-judges. Eli and Samuel along with Gideon and Samson are known for the way that the Lord used them mightily. God used judges until the time that Israel had their first King. "And when he had destroyed seven nations in the land of Chanaan, he divided their land to them by lot. And after that he gave unto them judges about the space of four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet" (Acts 13:19-20).



"The Judges were tribesmen in Israel upon whom the Lord laid the burden of Israel's apostate and oppressed state. They were the spiritual ancestors of the prophets.


They were men raised up of God to lead their people from bondage to freedom. They were patriots and religious reformers. National security and prosperity were inseparably connected with loyalty and obedience to Jehovah. Not one of the chosen deliverers had anything whereof to glory in the flesh. Othniel was but the son of the younger brother of Caleb; Ehud was a left handed man and an assassin; Shamgar, a rustic with an ox-goad; Deborah, a woman;


Gideon, of an obscure family in the smallest tribe, etc. Each of the classes mentioned in I Corinthians 1:27-28 is illustrated among the Judges"

1 Cor 1:27-28

27 But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty;


28 And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are:

Lesson 5

Chart 2

The United Kingdom


1 Sam 9:1

1 Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty man of power.


1 Sam 9:2

2 And he had a son, whose name was Saul, a choice young man, and a goodly: and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he: from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people.



1 Sam 16:14

14 But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him.



1 Sam 16:11

11 And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not sit down till he come hither.



Acts 13:22

22 And when he had removed him, he raised up unto them David to be their king; to whom also he gave testimony, and said, I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfil all my will.



1 Kings 3

1 And Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and took Pharaoh's daughter, and brought her into the city of David, until he had made an end of building his own house, and the house of the LORD, and the wall of Jerusalem round about.


2 Only the people sacrificed in high places, because there was no house built unto the name of the LORD, until those days.


3 And Solomon loved the LORD, walking in the statutes of David his father: only he sacrificed and burnt incense in high places.

4 And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there; for that was the great high place: a thousand burnt offerings did Solomon offer upon that altar.


5 In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what I shall give thee.


6 And Solomon said, Thou hast shewed unto thy servant David my father great mercy, according as he walked before thee in truth, and in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with thee; and thou hast kept for him this great kindness, that thou hast given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is this day.


7 And now, O LORD my God, thou hast made thy servant king instead of David my father: and I am but a little child: I know not how to go out or come in.


8 And thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude.


9 Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people?


10 And the speech pleased the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing.


11 And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life; neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life of thine enemies; but hast asked for thyself understanding to discern judgment;

12 Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee.


13 And I have also given thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches, and honour: so that there shall not be any among the kings like unto thee all thy days.


14 And if thou wilt walk in my ways, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as thy father David did walk, then I will lengthen thy days.


15 And Solomon awoke; and, behold, it was a dream. And he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and offered up burnt offerings, and offered peace offerings, and made a feast to all his servants.


16 Then came there two women, that were harlots, unto the king, and stood before him.


17 And the one woman said, O my lord, I and this woman dwell in one house; and I was delivered of a child with her in the house.


18 And it came to pass the third day after that I was delivered, that this woman was delivered also: and we were together; there was no stranger with us in the house, save we two in the house.


19 And this woman's child died in the night; because she overlaid it.

20 And she arose at midnight, and took my son from beside me, while thine handmaid slept, and laid it in her bosom, and laid her dead child in my bosom.


21 And when I rose in the morning to give my child suck, behold, it was dead: but when I had considered it in the morning, behold, it was not my son, which I did bear.


22 And the other woman said, Nay; but the living is my son, and the dead is thy son. And this said, No; but the dead is thy son, and the living is my son. Thus they spake before the king.


23 Then said the king, The one saith, This is my son that liveth, and thy son is the dead: and the other saith, Nay; but thy son is the dead, and my son is the living.


24 And the king said, Bring me a sword. And they brought a sword before the king.


25 And the king said, Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one, and half to the other.


26 Then spake the woman whose the living child was unto the king, for her bowels yearned upon her son, and she said, O my lord, give her the living child, and in no wise slay it. But the other said, Let it be neither mine nor thine, but divide it.


27 Then the king answered and said, Give her the living child, and in no wise slay it: she is the mother thereof.

28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God was in him, to do judgment.



The United Kingdom

1. Israel Demands a King

The prophet Samuel under the direction of God ruled over Israel, but Israel was not satisfied with the leadership that God had put over them. They wanted to have a king like the heathen nations around them. Israel rejected the invisible King (their God) for a man that they could display before the nations. This desire to be like the surrounding nations revealed the condition of their hearts. God wants His will to be accomplished. If a people insist on their own will, God will, at their insistence, let them have their own will.

This is what happened to Israel (Hosea 13:11; Psalm 106:15).

Hos 13:11

11 I gave thee a king in mine anger, and took him away in my wrath.


Ps 106:15

15 And he gave them their request; but sent leanness into their soul.



 "Thy will be done, not my will be done," was the way Jesus prayed and is a pattern for all mankind. The proper attitude of the heart can only be maintained through prayer and dedication to the Word and will of the Lord.


2. The Three Kings

The United Kingdom of Israel had three kings who reigned over them. Each of these kings reigned for forty years. Their names are Saul, David and Solomon.

a. Saul

God chose the first King for Israel out of the tribe of Benjamin, a man named Saul. Saul was head and shoulders over all Israel, a very courageous man and at that time he was very humble

(I Samuel 9). His character changed drastically after he received the power and authority of his new office. Saul had forgotten his place with God, and power had corrupted his thinking. Power and authority often change a man from a humble servant into a proud, self-willed, jealous and disobedient person. Power should be treated with respect or its end will blind one to the truth and the will of God.

Saul's later years were filled with many mistakes and sins, which overshadowed the previous good which he had done. Saul's great pride prevented him from recognizing God's Word through Samuel. Samuel was God's chosen spokesman. Saul stood in the priest's stead and offered the sacrifice in the place of Samuel when he thought Samuel had waited too long to appear

(I Samuel 13:8-14).

1 Sam 13:8-14

8 And he tarried seven days, according to the set time that Samuel had appointed: but Samuel came not to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.


9 And Saul said, Bring hither a burnt offering to me, and peace offerings. And he offered the burnt offering.


10 And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might salute him.


11 And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said, Because I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that thou camest not within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered themselves together at Michmash;


12 Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the LORD: I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering.


13 And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.


14 But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that which the LORD commanded thee.



He also rebelled against the words of Samuel to destroy everything when he went to battle against the Amalekites (I Samuel 15). Instead of obeying God's command, Saul brought back King Agag alive along with the rest of the cattle and sheep. Samuel rebuked Saul strongly, saying, "Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams" (I Samuel 15:22). This teaches that obedience is more meaningful than many sacrifices.


God appreciates sacrificial offerings, but despises and judges disobedience. God rejected Saul and his rebellious nature, and the Spirit of the Lord departed from him. God had chosen another king for Israel, David, a man after God's own heart. Saul became so jealous of David that he tried twice to kill David. He spent much of his time in pursuit of David. Saul's life ended when he fell upon his own sword on the battlefield. He was a man wrecked by his own overpowering self-will (I Samuel 31).


The truth concerning human nature is that man is his own worst enemy. The deepest and most dangerous troubles which afflict man's life come from within, not from without. Man's soul, that great fortress of Bunyan's imagination, fell only when there was treason within. The enemy entered through a gate that had been opened from within. The outside dangers and temptations of the world have no power until they receive the co-operation and the help of the foe within. It is important to come to God as little children, but always keep that father-child relationship with God. A child's duty is to be obedient to his father.


b. David

The second king of the United Kingdom is one of the best loved characters in the scriptures, a man called David. He was anointed king by Samuel when he was just a young man taking care of the family's sheep (I Samuel 16). Possibly the highest compliment that could be said of David is that he was a man after God's own heart (Acts 13:22).

Acts 13:22

22 And when he had removed him, he raised up unto them David to be their king; to whom also he gave testimony, and said, I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfil all my will.



This is an attribute that is essential for anyone to be a truly successful Christian. A Christian takes up his cross and follows Jesus. Although David sinned, his desire to please God and his tenderness of heart brought him to a place of repentance and remorse.


(1) David Slays Goliath (I Samuel 17)

While David was a shepherd lad caring for sheep, he fought a bear and a lion which had threatened his flock. The Spirit of the Lord came upon David and he quickly destroyed these dangerous animals.


When he was sent to see how his brothers were doing in the war against the Philistines, David was enraged by the boasting of the Philistine giant, Goliath, and by the cowardice of Israel. Goliath was an awesome sight, over nine feet tall in full battle array with a helmet of brass and a coat of mail which weighed five thousand shekels. The staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron. This champion of the Philistines taunted the Israelites, "Choose a man to fight me!" Although David was but a youth, he did have faith in God. Because of David's faith in God, he fought Goliath without the help of Israel. He used a sling, stone, and the Name of the Lord, knocking the giant to the ground. He then beheaded Goliath with his own sword (I Samuel 17). Here is a sure way of victory against those things that war against the soul. It is essential that enemies who tempt and torment are to be utterly destroyed.


(2) David's Problems and Victories

This great victory wrought at the hands of David brought him much praise which further enraged King Saul. A great jealousy, cruel as the grave, raged in Saul's heart against David. Saul's greatest desire for the remaining years of his life was to destroy David (I Samuel 18). Although David loved God and wanted to please Him, his life was not without spot.


While the armies of Israel were fighting against Ammon, David, at ease on the roof of the King's house saw a beautiful young woman (Bathsheba) bathing. Immediately David wanted this woman and he sent messengers to bring her to him. Thus David sinned against God and his fellow man. Had David been with the armies of Israel he would not have been in a place to commit this sin. This sin led to the death of a man, the death of a child as well as other judgments from the Lord (II Samuel 11 and 12). A man whose attention is focused on God, will not give his mind over to Satan's temptations.


Although David was called a man after God's own heart, God did not overlook his gross sin. God sent a prophet (Nathan) with a convicting message in the form of a story. His story was as follows:

"There were two men in one city; one rich the other poor. The rich man had many flocks and herds but the poor man had only one little beloved ewe lamb which he had hand fed and treated like a member of the family. The rich man had a guest one day but instead of killing one of his own lambs for dinner, the rich man took the poor man's beloved lamb for his guest." "That man will surely die," cried David in hot anger. "Thou art the man, David," Nathan thundered. David had a throne, houses and wives but he sent Uriah to his death and took his wife." The prophet then pronounced judgment on David (II Samuel 11:12).

2 Sam 11:12

12 And David said to Uriah, Tarry here to day also, and to morrow I will let thee depart. So Uriah abode in Jerusalem that day, and the morrow.


God certainly is no respecter of persons. He rebuked King David as He does all who sin. God cannot and does not tolerate sin. No sin will enter the heavenly Kingdom!

Certainly with God it is not how much one has in his bank account or whom one might know. For all wealth belongs to God and He is the source of all power. There is no such thing as political pressure or pull in God's Kingdom. All men are equal in His sight. David wanted to build a temple for God, but David had been a man of war shedding blood and God would not allow him to build that temple. This privilege, however, was granted to one of David's sons, which brings us to our next King (II Samuel 7).


c. Solomon

Solomon, the son of David, loved the Lord. After he took his office as king, Solomon went to Gibeon and offered a thousand burnt offerings on the altar. It was in Gibeon after this great offering that God appeared to Solomon in a dream and spoke saying, "Ask what I shall give thee" (I Kings 3:5). What a question! All of God's riches were at his disposal.


Notice his answer. His request of God reflected his unselfish desire to be a good leader as was his father, David. As a result of his unselfish request, God made Solomon the wisest king who ever lived (I Kings 3:13).

1 Kings 3:13

13 And I have also given thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches, and honour: so that there shall not be any among the kings like unto thee all thy days.


 "But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you" (Matthew 6:33).


Solomon's request reveals the true desire of his heart in his early years as King. He desired an understanding heart so that he could discern between good and evil.


Those things which he did not ask for—long life, riches, and power over his enemies—God then generously gave to Solomon. The word of the Lord is true. Seek His Kingdom first!

(1) Solomon's Failures

Solomon is known for his wisdom. The Scriptures tell us, "that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee" (I Kings 3:12). He is known for his extreme wealth, and for his wives who numbered about one thousand. Sad to say, his wives turned his heart from the one true God. Solomon went after other gods. Even the most dedicated of people can fall from the grace of God, if they do not die daily to the will of their flesh. What a change! The beginning of Solomon's reign as king, portrayed a man full of desire to please God. He changed from this to backsliden royalty—a man who had forgotten God who had spoken to him in Gibeon. It is the one who finishes the race that will obtain the crown (Ecclesiastes 2).


(2) Solomon Builds the Temple

Perhaps the greatest accomplishment of Solomon's reign was the Temple which he built at Jerusalem (I Kings 5). He built the Temple after the pattern which the Lord had given David. The construction took seven years. The Temple included the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies like the original Tabernacle.


During the first service in the Temple, the presence of God was so strong that the Temple was filled with a thick cloud. Solomon, who began praying standing before the Lord, ended on his knees before the Holy One of Israel (I Kings 8:54).

1 Kings 8:54

54 And it was so, that when Solomon had made an end of praying all this prayer and supplication unto the LORD, he arose from before the altar of the LORD, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread up to heaven.


What a beautiful lesson for these last days. Humble submission and contrite worship in the house of the Lord will bring His blessed presence. Because of Solomon's many sins and his deviation from the plan of God, the united kingdom of Israel was divided after his reign. The spiritually depraved kingdom then separated and became two kingdoms (Israel and Judah) each having their own king  (I Kings 11).

Lesson 5

Chart 3

The Divided Kingdom

The Divided Kingdom

Solomon had built a great kingdom, but after his death it was divided. Solomon's son, Rehoboam, threatened to lay a heavier tax burden on the people than Solomon had. The people demanded reforms but Rehoboam took the counsel of his younger advisors, rather than that of the older and more experienced men. The results were a revolt and a kingdom divided into North and South, Israel and Judah (I Kings 12).


1. The Northern Kingdom (I Kings 12-16)

The Northern Kingdom consisted of ten tribes, and was known as the Kingdom of Israel. Their first King was Jeroboam and their capitol was Samaria.


Israel had a total of nineteen Kings reign over them to say, all of them were wicked and spiritually depraved. There was not one strong, spiritual leader among them. Because of this weak spiritual leadership, idolatry was rampant.


God in His mercy sent many prophets to warn Israel of impending judgment. Two of the most notable prophets to Israel were Elijah and Elisha, mighty men of God who performed many miraculous works. All of their prophecies were fulfilled in their lifetime. They are referred to as contemporary prophets. The people refused to repent of their evil and the judgment of God came. Israel's kingdom fell and they were taken away captive by Assyria in 721 B.C. (II Kings 17).

Judgment will soon come upon this world, and those who have not served God will be "carried off captive for eternity." It is important that the gospel message be obeyed now!


2. The Southern Kingdom

The Southern Kingdom consisted of two tribes, Judah and Benjamin, and was known as the Kingdom of Judah. The first King of Judah was Rehoboam, and the capitol city was Jerusalem. Judah had nineteen kings and one queen who reigned over her. Unlike the Kingdom of Israel, Judah did have some good kings, although many were idolatrous and evil.


Judah received her prophets from God also. They warned of the judgment of God, and His wrath that would surely come, unless they repented. Such men of God as Isaiah and Jeremiah were sent to Judah with a message of impending judgment. However, Judah refused to repent and in 606 B.C. this nation was carried into captivity by Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon (II Kings 25). This captivity was to last for seventy years (Jeremiah 25:11-12).

Jer 25:11-12

11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.


12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.


While in Babylon, the Spirit of God moved on such men as Daniel and Ezekiel.



3. Last Day Prophecy

In anointed prophecies, we can learn much concerning this present time, the last days. There has never been a time that the Scriptures have a more significant meaning than now. Surely these days are the last days. Although the exact hour or the day is unknown/ Jesus did give a forecast of the the prevailing conditions of the end time. The days of Israel and Judah were a period of spiritual apostasy with an idolatrous people with their own gods. Material things, entertainment and the love of money are popular idols of our time. It is important to obey the Word of the Lord. The time is at hand!

Lesson 5

Chart 4
IV. The Return to Jerusalem


IV. The Return to Jerusalem

The first expedition to return to Jerusalem took place after the prophetic time period of seventy years of captivity had expired. This expedition took place about 536 B.C., and was led by Zerubbabel (Ezra 1-3). He was accompanied by approximately 50,000 Jews. In the second year after their return, they began to rebuild the temple. This temple was the second Jewish temple and is known as Zerubbabel's Temple. A third temple known as Herod's Temple was in existence during the time of Jesus. This was a magnificent and large addition to the restored temple. Other expeditions took place in about 457 B.C. with Ezra and in about 444 B.C. with Nehemiah.


1. Opposition - The Jews met with much opposition from their enemies when trying to rebuild the Temple. This led to discouragement and subsequently to a slow finish of the Temple. Ezra, the priest, had an understanding of the Word of God and taught the people. Nehemiah was the king's cupbearer. He went to Jerusalem and led the people in the rebuilding of the walls of the city. Nehemiah also aided Ezra in teaching the people the way of the Lord. The important thing to remember is that the temple and the walls were completed through the prayerfulness, watchfulness and perseverance of the leaders and people (Nehemiah 4).


2. The Prophets and Message of Restoration -This restoration period is not without its prophets. Such men as Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi were sent of God to encourage and verbally to chasten the Jews. Haggai, who was over eighty years old, made the long journey back to Jerusalem and challenged the people to rise up and build the temple of God (Haggai 1). He told them that God would make the glory of this house great. The Lord stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel, governor of Judah, and Joshua, the high priest, as well as the people. They all began to work.


3. The Old Testament Ended - The Old Testament life of the Jews seems to be one of continual backsliding, and such is the case in this restoration period. Again the people forgot God, the truth and the accuracy of His Word. They forgot the manifestation of His great power and again fell into apostasy. The Old Testament study ends with God's chosen people living outside of His wonderful love. They again become a people who had to live under the authority of nations more wicked and more powerful than they. They did not hear from their God for about four hundred years. 


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