Lesson 4

Chart 1

The Exodus -- The Plan of Redemption


The Exodus—The Plan of Redemption

Nearly four centuries had passed since the children of Israel came to Egypt in the days of Joseph. "And the children of Israel were fruitful and increased abundantly, and multiplied and waxed exceeding mighty and the land was filled with them. Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph" (Exodus 1:7-8). The new king, set harsh taskmasters over the Israelites and set them at hard labor in the fields and in constructing cities and walls. This lesson is rich in typology, for through the deliverance of Israel from bondage, there is a type of God's plan of redemption for fallen man.

See I Corinthians 10:1-11, for authority for using the flight from Egypt for example or ensamples.

1 Cor 10:1-11

1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;


2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;


3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat;


4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.


5 But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.


6 Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted.


7 Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.


8 Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand.


9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.


10 Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.


11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.


1. Forty Years in Egypt

a.) The Birth of Moses

Pharoah became fearful that the Hebrews would rise up and overthrow the Egyptians, so he commanded the midwives to kill every newborn male Hebrew at the time of birth. "But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive"

(Exodus 1:17). Then Pharoah commanded all his people to destroy the baby boys by throwing them into a river (Exodus 1:22).

Ex 1:22

22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.


After Moses was born, he was hid three months by his parents, Jochebed and Amram. When they could no longer hide him in their home, his mother made an ark of bulrushes and waterproofed it with slime and pitch. She hid him each day in the reeds along the river. His sister, Miriam, watched baby Moses from the shore.


One day while on her way to wash herself at the river, Pharoah's daughter chanced to find the ark there among the reeds. She had the ark brought to her and when she opened it, Moses wept and Pharoah's daughter had compassion on the small baby. She determined to take the child and bring him up in the palace. Miriam offered to contact a Hebrew woman to nurse the child for the daughter of Pharoah. "And Pharoah's daughter said unto her. Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the woman took the child, and nursed it"


(Exodus 2:9). The woman (Jochebed) took the child and nursed it and received wages for nursing her own baby. "And the child grew, and she brought him (Moses) unto Pharoah's daughter, and he became her son" (Exodus 2:10). (Jochebed nursed him in her own home.) The same river that could have been the means of destruction of Moses became his salvation, just as Jesus can become a Saviour instead of a judge, by following His plan of salvation.


b.) Moses' Choice

When Moses was grown, he went out one day among his brethren and saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew. He killed the Egyptian and hid him in the sand. The next day he saw two Hebrews fighting and attempted to separate them. One of them said, "Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian?" (Exodus 2:14). Because Moses had gotten ahead of God's will, his efforts to lead were rejected by the people. He was unprepared at this stage for the task which he would later perform. (See also Hebrews 11:23-29).

Heb 11:23-29

23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months of his parents, because they saw he was a proper child; and they were not afraid of the king's commandment.


24 By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter;


25 Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season;


26 Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompence of the reward.


27 By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible.


28 Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them.


29 By faith they passed through the Red sea as by dry land: which the Egyptians assaying to do were drowned.



2. Forty Years in Midian—Moses

Moses realized that his deed was known and fearing revenge by the Pharoah, he fled to the land of Midian. There he met and married Zipporah, a daughter of the Midianite priest Jethro.

a.) Moses' Call

One day as Moses was tending sheep, he beheld a bush burning. Upon closer examination, he was amazed when he saw it was not consumed with the fire. God called to him out of the midst of the bush giving him his call for his life's work. God told Moses that He had heard the cries of the people and that He would use him to deliver them from bondage and lead them to the promised land.


b.) God Proves Himself to Moses

Moses expressed doubts that he could do the job, and so God had him to cast down the rod he held in his hand. When he did so, the rod changed into a serpent. God had him pick it up by the tail and it turned back into the rod. God told Moses to put his hand into his bosom. Moses obeyed and when he took his hand out it was white with leprosy. Then Moses was told to thrust his hand back into his garment. When he removed his hand, this time it was healed. Thus he was shown that God could make him victorious over all things that would confront him. Likewise God's people today can totally trust in the Lord, knowing that He will triumph over the devil, the world and the flesh.


3. Moses the Deliver

a.) Moses Before Pharoah—Ten Plagues

Moses, obeyed the Lord, returned to Egypt, went to Pharoah and told him that God had said, "Let my people go." Pharoah desired to keep the Hebrews in bondage and rebelled against God's will. Disaster came to Egypt in the form of ten plagues. Notice that the things the Egyptians worshipped: frogs, cattle, sun, the Nile river and nature were used to demonstrate God's great power. After each of the first nine plagues, Pharoah would agree to let the children of Israel go, but in each instance, he would later have a change of heart. This set the stage for the most dreadul plague yet to come.


b.) Passover—Deliverance by the Blood

The Lord told Moses to speak to the congregation, and tell them to take a male lamb of the first year without blemish for each household. They were instructed to kill the lamb, and to strike its blood on the two side posts and the upper door post of the houses. They were then to roast the lamb and eat it that night, along with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. They were to eat it in haste with shoes on their feet, loins girded and staff in their hand, because it was time to leave Egypt.


At midnight the Lord passed through the land of Egypt and killed the firstborn of every household which did not have the blood upon the doorpost of the Hebrew's home, He passed by that house and the inhabitants inside were safe. Salvation in this age is dependent upon the blood of the Lamb, Jesus Christ, "For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us" (I Corinthians 5:7). The blood of Jesus must be applied through obedience to the gospel. If the Lord did not find blood applied to the doorpost, instant death resulted. The blood of the innocent lamb is symbolic of the blood of the "Lamb of God" that delivers from spiritual bondage.


c.) Deliverance Through the Red Sea

Pharoah at last agreed to let the Hebrews go. The Lord led them out of Egypt with a pillar of fire by night and a pillar of cloud by day (Exodus 13:21).

Ex 13:21

21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:


 After the people had left Egypt, Pharoah changed his mind again and sent his army after the Israelites. God led the Israelites to the Red Sea. When the people saw Pharoah's chariots closing in on them, they cried out against Moses. Moses told the people, "Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord which He will shew to you today: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen today, ye shall see them again no more for ever" (Exodus 14:13). Moses lifted his rod and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided (Exodus 14:21). The people miraculously crossed over upon dry ground with the waters as a great wall on either side. In every situation the Lord will always make a way of escape for His people. (See I Corinthians 10:13.)

1 Cor 10:13

13 There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.


The Egyptians were in pursuit, but as soon as the Israelites got across, the Lord had Moses to stretch out his hand over the sea. The waters fell on the Egyptians and they were all drowned. "And Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore"


(Exodus 14:30). Salvation is the whole process by which Christ rescues mankind from sin, brings him back home, and makes him a child of God.


See it in a picture: A house is burning. There is a violin in it, a Stradivarius. A music lover, knowing that the valuable violin is in the burning house, rushes in at great risk and saves it. That is salvation. The violin, however, was damaged by the heat. The music lover then takes the damaged violin to an expert craftsman. He repairs it, for he knows its value. Now the violin is saved from the fire, and its damages are repaired. A great violinist takes it, tunes it, and it speaks to us. That is salvation! The complete salvation of the violin is its rescue, its repairs, and its ability to function as its creator designed it to do. Jesus Christ rescues from sin and death; He restores the soul, and He puts a new song into the heart. In typology, Egypt represents bondage, or sin.

The Red Sea is a type of baptism for ". . .all our fathers. . .were baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea"

(I Corinthians 10:1-12).

1 Cor 10:1-12

1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;


2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;


3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat;


4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.


5 But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.


6 Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted.


7 Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.


8 Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand.


9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.


10 Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.


11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.


12 Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.


A future lesson shows how that entering the promised land is a type of receiving God's promise. There were battles to be fought, giants to face and walls to bring down. Thus we see again God's plan of salvation: repentance (leaving Egypt), baptism (crossing the Red Sea) and then moving into the promise of God.

Lesson 4

Chart 2
Israel at Sinai -- The Time of the Law



Israel at Sinai (The Time of the Law)

Moses brought Israel from the Red Sea into the wilderness of Sinai. When they came to Marah, they found bitter water, unsuitable for drinking. The people murmured against Moses. God showed Moses a tree which Moses cut down and cast into the water, which then became sweet. The life may be bitter, but Jesus is the Tree that can sweeten every life. After three months on their journey from Egypt, they arrived at Mt. Sinai. The people remained here for a period of one year. What was to take place at Sinai would mark the beginning of Israel's National History.

The covenant concerning a nation that God made with Abraham, then later confirmed to Isaac and Jacob was soon to become a national covenant. At Mt. Sinai, Moses was given the Law which included the Ten Commandments (Moral Law) as well as the ceremonial and civil laws. The Commandments made up the basis of the Law that Israel was to live by until Jesus should come in the fulness of time. Paul said that "the Law was our schoolmaster to bring us to Christ that we might be justified by faith"

(Galatians 3:24). The Law was to point out sin and the shortcomings of man's own efforts to live holy without God's indwelling Spirit. Moses also was given the plan of the tabernacle which was to be the physical dwelling place of God's Spirit in the midst of the people of Israel.

Lesson 4

Chart 3

The Tabernacle--Man's Approach to God


The Tabernacle—Man's Approach to God (Ceremonial Law)

The plan of the tabernacle was given by the Lord to Moses on Mt. Sinai. He was admonished to follow God's specifications in its construction to the letter (Exodus 25:1-9).

Ex 25:1-9

1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,


2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye shall take my offering.


3 And this is the offering which ye shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass,


4 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair,


5 And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,


6 Oil for the light, spices for anointing oil, and for sweet incense,


7 Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod, and in the breastplate.


8 And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.


9 According to all that I shew thee, after the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it.


The tabernacle was more than just a place to worship while in the wilderness. Its design and layout was to be a shadow of the redemptive work of Jesus, as well as a pattern of salvation's plan for the present church age.


1. The Court of the Tabernacle

The court of the tabernacle was approximately one hundred fifty feet long, and seventy-five feet wide. It had one gate on the east side. There were four door posts supporting hangings of four colors of cloth: purple, scarlet, blue and white.

There was only one entrance into the courtyard. There is also only one way to find salvation (John 10:9).

John 10:9

9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.


Inside the courtyard was the brazen altar, the brazen laver and the tabernacle itself. The tabernacle was approximately 15' x 15' x 45' consisting of the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies. These two rooms were separated by a vail of blue, purple and scarlet. In the Holy of Holies abode the Spirit of God between the golden cherubims. They were located on the lid of the ark which was called the mercy seat. This is not to say that all of God was here, as He is omnipresent, or present everywhere. However from Adam's day, God has always desired to dwell with His people but sin has always separated man from God. From the day of Pentecost, fifty days after the death of Christ, God has dwelt in the hearts of His people in a real and wonderful way. "Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?"

(I Corinthians 3:16).

Lesson 4

Chart 4

The Altar of Sacrifice


IV. The Altar of Sacrifice

The priest approached the tabernacle first by way of the brazen altar, and here he offered the sacrifice for sin. The brazen altar was approximately 7 1/2 square and 4 1/2 feet high. It was made of shittim wood overlaid with brass. It was a place of death and shedding of blood. Approach to God is made by way of repentance. Jesus said, "Except ye repent ye shall all likewise perish" (Luke 13:3).

Notice the prominence which was assigned to the altar in connection with the tabernacle and its worship. Look where it stood, it was placed immediately in front of the gate of the court of the tabernacle.


It was the first object that met the eye of the worshipper as he came into the court to present his sacrifice unto the Lord. The altar was not hidden in some remote place in the court, removed from the gaze of t'he people, neither did it stand inside of the tabernacle where it could only be approached by a few. It was placed where it would be in sight of all, and where all could approach it. Not all of the people were permitted to see the golden candlestick, the table of shewbread or the altar of incense, which things were just inside the veil. All could not pass the veil which hung in the tabernacle. None but the high priest was permitted to enter the holiest of holies on the day of atonement. The altar in the court, the brazen altar, was not hidden, neither was a man forbidden to approach it. It could be plainly seen from without, and no one could enter into the holy place save by passing this sacred emblem where the sacrificial blood of the animals was offered. This teaches that not one, no not one, that no man who has come to the knowledge of Jesus will even enter heaven except he is a partaker of the blood of Jesus, who stood as an altar of sacrifice to all who would approach God. St. John 14:6.

John 14:6

6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.


Remember that it was not only the altar which gave the worshipper access to the holy place, or the putting away of his sins according to his station, but there had to be a sacrifice made upon the altar, whether it be priest, Levite or Israelite. Note the relationship of the brazen altar to every other part of the tabernacle service and its furniture, like the root to a tree, or the heart to the body, or the foundation to a building, everything inside, and even the brazen laver in front of the door of the tabernacle, all depended upon the work done at the altar.


Take away the perfect work required at the brazen altar and all else, no matter how magnificent, every bit of it was useless without the altar and its perfect work. All had to come to God by the way of the altar Hebrews 13:10, "we have an altar," speaks of Jesus.


The Lord Jesus meant it when He said, "No man who comes must take the "Way," that he may get the "Truth which gives him "Life." So here as the "way," note the office of Christ in the altar, not only the altar (Christ) but also the blood upon the altar (the blood of Jesus) gave the altar (Christ) the power which it required. In the 9th chapter of Hebrews note the power of the blood of the sacrifices, verses 19-21.

Heb 9:19-21

19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people,


20 Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.


21 Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry.


All priests, their garments, the sacred vessels, everything was unfit for services until the blood which was shed at the brazen altar had touched and sanctified them.

Here is the story of the Cross of Christ, Calvary. There is no pardon, no righteousness, no peace, no grace, no blessings and no salvation, only through the sacrifice of the Cross. No washing at the laver without the work at the brazen altar. The altar represented the shedding of blood and the death of Jesus.

No death, no burial, no shedding of blood, no remission of sins. Hebrews 9:24.

Heb 9:24

24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:


Therefore Romans 6:3 shows that a sinner is buried with Jesus in baptism into death, and that in His name, he finds the blood or life which the sacrifice at the brazen altar testified of.

Rom 6:3

3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?


The fire upon the altar was to, "never go out," Leviticus 6:13.

There is no hour, day or night that a transgressor cannot find the atonement of Calvary.

Lesson 4

Chart 5

The Brazen Laver


V. The Brazen Laver

Just before the door of the tabernacle stood the brazen laver where the priest was required to wash his hands and feet. God had said wash, "that they die not" (Exodus 30:21). The New Testament application of the brazen laver of water is water baptism. Jesus said, "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved: but he that believeth not shall be damned" (Mark 16:16). ". . .Baptism doth also now save us" (I Peter 3:21). "But ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified, in the name of the Lord Jesus. . ." (I Corinthians 6:11). (See also Exodus 30:18-21.)


Ex 30:18-21

18 Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.


19 For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat:


20 When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire unto the LORD:


21 So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed throughout their generations.


"Thou shaft also make a laver of brass and his foot also of brass, to wash withal, and thou shall put it between the tabernacle and the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.


For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat. When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water that they die not, or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering unto the Lord"


(Exodus 30:18-20). Note where the laver was placed, Exodus 40:30, between the brazen altar where a death was demanded, and the tabernacle where the priest officiated and where the Lord of Israel met them.


Ex 40:30

30 And he set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and put water there, to wash withal.


It was placed between the altar (repentance) and the tabernacle (the kingdom) and that is as the Lord by the spirit gave to the Apostle Peter the message which was according to the pattern shown Moses in the mount. He said, "Repent (here is the altar, or death to sin) and be baptized everyone of you, (here is the laver) in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost, (or enter into the kingdom or tabernacle)" Acts 2:38.

In the New Testament there is, first, a death at the brazen altar (repentance) or dying with Christ to sins, and Romans 6:1-5 is a beautiful lesson of what baptism is for after one comes to a knowledge of the truth.

Rom 6:1-5

1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound?


2 God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?


3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?


4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.


5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection:



Baptism is not only buried with Him by baptism into His death, Romans 6:3,

Rom 6:3

3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?

  it is also for the remission of sins, Acts 2:38,

Acts 2:38

38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

 which statement by the Apostle Peter is also the fulfillment of John 20:23, Matthew 16:19 and I Peter 3:21.

John 20:23

23 Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.


Matt 16:19

19 And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.


 1 Peter 3:21

21 The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:


These scriptures can be compared with the "pattern" under Moses, to show why the laver was placed between altar (death) and the tabernacle (life). Paul says, "if we have been planted (buried) together in the likeness of his death (baptism), we shall also be in the likeness of his resurrection" Romans 6:5.


Consider the relationship between the name of Jesus in baptism in the New Testament and the blood that the priest took to the water with him in the Old Testament? All through the law one is continually remined that the "life of all flesh is in the blood," under Moses, the schoolmaster. Later Jesus tells Israel, "I am come that ye might have life and have it more abundantly"

(John 10:10). His important message to man was life.


Study His words carefully and the words of those who wrote of Him after His death, to find that both He and His disciples linked this life with His name. John states that "In Him was life,"

John 1:14 and then tells how to get that life, "but as many as received Him gave He power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name, which were born, not of blood, nor the will of flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God"


(John 1:12; 13). Here he states that one can get that life or sonship by being born again, and by believing on His name. "What has His name got to do with being born again?" Jesus said, John 3:5, "Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God." Go back to the tabernacle again, and here see the way the priest had to go as he enters into the tabernacle into the presence of God.


A sacrifice, (death on the altar), blood taken to the laver, and here note that the life is in the blood. In the New Testament His name is used where it was "the blood" in the Old. There is no remission of sins without the blood, and in John 20:31, read these words, "But these are written that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through His name." Consider these three scriptures: "We have power to become the sons of God through His name." John 1:12, 13, remission of sins through His name, Acts 2:38 and life through His name, John 20:31. The apostles preached these things in the name of Jesus. Read in the 5th chapter of Acts and the 28th verse the words of the high priest saying, "Did not we straightly command you that ye should not teach in this name, and behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring this man's blood upon us." How? Through the preaching of the name of Jesus. Mark 16:15-16, "Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned," Luke 24:47, "And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem."


So there is room for every one in the priesthood who will accept the high priest (Jesus) as their father by being born of water and of the spirit; be willing to come to the door of the tabernacle, (even to Jesus), and there be washed before they enter into the tabernacle (kingdom of God).


John 10:7 Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep.

Lesson 4

Chart 6

The Holy Place


John 6:35

35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.

 Heb 13:15

15 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name.

 Rev 8:3

3 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne.


VI. The Holy Place

In the Holy Place was the golden candlestick, the altar of incense, and the table of shew/bread.


1. The Golden Candlestick

The candlestick was of pure gold, with seven branches coming forth from the stand. The candlestick provided the only light in the tabernacle. Jesus is the Light, just as the candlestick was of beaten gold, so Christ was first beaten, before we could receive His light. The priest had to have the light to guide him in his priestly duties, just as we must be led by the Light of the Spirit in true worship (Exodus 25:31-40).


Ex 25:31-40

31 And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.


32 And six branches shall come out of the sides of it; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side:


33 Three bowls made like unto almonds, with a knop and a flower in one branch; and three bowls made like almonds in the other branch, with a knop and a flower: so in the six branches that come out of the candlestick.


34 And in the candlestick shall be four bowls made like unto almonds, with their knops and their flowers.


35 And there shall be a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches that proceed out of the candlestick.


36 Their knops and their branches shall be of the same: all it shall be one beaten work of pure gold.


37 And thou shalt make the seven lamps thereof: and they shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it.


38 And the tongs thereof, and the snuffdishes thereof, shall be of pure gold.


39 Of a talent of pure gold shall he make it, with all these vessels.


40 And look that thou make them after their pattern, which was shewed thee in the mount.


 2. The Table of Shewbread

The table of shewbread was approximately 3' x 15" and was 27" high. It was made of shittim wood overlaid with pure gold. On the table of shewbread were twelve loaves of unleavened bread which were to be eaten by the High Priest and his sons in the Holy Place. The shewbread provided the source of sustenance for the priest. Jesus is the Bread of Life. His Word is food for the soul, just as the table was to exhibit the bread, the Christian life shows forth Jesus to a dying world. (See Exodus 25:23-30.)

Ex 25:23-30

23 Thou shalt also make a table of shittim wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.


24 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, and make thereto a crown of gold round about.


25 And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand breadth round about, and thou shalt make a golden crown to the border thereof round about.


26 And thou shalt make for it four rings of gold, and put the rings in the four corners that are on the four feet thereof.


27 Over against the border shall the rings be for places of the staves to bear the table.


28 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table may be borne with them.


29 And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, and spoons thereof, and covers thereof, and bowls thereof, to cover withal: of pure gold shalt thou make them.


30 And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread before me alway.


3. The Altar of Incense

The altar of incense represents prayers to God (Revelation 5:8).

Rev 5:8

8 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints.


The incense was offered to God each morning and evening. Each day should begin and end with prayer. The aroma of the incense went forth when the incense was put on the fire. God hears the "effectual fervent prayer" (James 5:16) of the righteous man. Before there can be true prayer and praise (worship) there must first be death to sin and self. The fire for the altar of incense came from the brazen altar of sacrifice. The altar was located before the vail which separated the Holy Place from the Holy of Holies. Prayer is the beautiful experience that draws mankind into the very presence of God. (Exodus 30:1-10).

Ex 30:1-10

1 And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim wood shalt thou make it.


2 A cubit shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof; foursquare shall it be: and two cubits shall be the height thereof: the horns thereof shall be of the same.


3 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, the top thereof, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns thereof; and thou shalt make unto it a crown of gold round about.


4 And two golden rings shalt thou make to it under the crown of it, by the two corners thereof, upon the two sides of it shalt thou make it; and they shall be for places for the staves to bear it withal.


5 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold.


6 And thou shalt put it before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy seat that is over the testimony, where I will meet with thee.


7 And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it.


8 And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations.


9 Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon.


10 And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the LORD.

Lesson 4

Chart 7

The Holy of Holies


Ex 36:35

35 And he made a vail of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: with cherubims made he it of cunning work.

Heb 10:20

20 By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;

 Heb 9:4

4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;

Ex 25:16

16 And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee.


VII. The Holy of Holies

Behind the vail at the west end of the Holy Place was the Holy of Holies, which was the dwelling place of God. In the Holy of Holies was the ark of the covenant, which contained Aaron's rod that budded, the tables of stone (Ten Commandments) and a golden pot of manna.


The budding rod was a type of Christ in that it showed the miracle of life. Live buds and almonds sprang forth from Aaron's dead rod (Numbers 17:8).

Num 17:8

8 And it came to pass, that on the morrow Moses went into the tabernacle of witness; and, behold, the rod of Aaron for the house of Levi was budded, and brought forth buds, and bloomed blossoms, and yielded almonds.


The golden pot of manna was a reminder of God's ability to provide miraculously for the needs of His children during their journey through the wilderness.


 The law written upon tables of stone gave God's direction to the nation of Israel. Resting on the top of the Ark was the Mercy Seat made of pure gold. The Mercy Seat was stained with the blood of an innocent sacrifice. This represented the redemptive work of Christ's death ". . .by His mercy He saved us. . ." (Titus 3:5). The Mercy was God's throne to His people. The tabernacle was located in the center of all the tribes of Israel. God, the church, and His will must be in the center. When Israel was traveling, the ark was to be carried before the people, just as we are to follow the Lord in our walk with Him. At the death of Jesus, the vail of the temple was rent in twain from top to bottom, making it possible for all to approach the throne of God. The rent vail represented two things. It brought man into the presence of God and revealed God's glory to man.

Lesson 4

Chart 8

From the Tabernacle to the Cross


VIII. From the Tabernacle to the Cross

The Apostle Paul in all of his writings continually reminds the church of the power of Christ and of the cross of Christ, as we find written in Galatians 6:14, "But God forbid that I should glory save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me and I unto the world." Paul knew the power of the cross, he has told us in the book of Hebrews 7:19,


Heb 7:19

19 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw nigh unto God.

that the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of the better hope did, by the which we draw nigh unto God. Again in Galatians 3:24 he says, "Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ that we might be justified by faith."

The Apostle Paul knew what the mission and the object of the law was, he knew that the things shown to Moses in the mount were to be his example by the pattern given unto him by the Lord and all that he built, all that he did was to point the people of Israel to the one who was to come, even Jesus.

The prophets were able by the Holy Ghost to look into the future and by the spirit of prophecy see the suffering of Christ, the cross and the glory that was to follow. I Peter 1:10-12.

1 Peter 1:10-12

10 Of which salvation the prophets have inquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:


11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.


12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.


Isaiah gives us a minute description of his birth, Isaiah 9:6, his rejection, etc.


Isa 9:6

6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.


Isaiah 53, and the preaching of Isaiah had to coincide with that which the law portrayed in silent picture form, and one of the many pictures that the tabernacle in the wilderness built by Moses portrays is the cross.

Isa 53:1-12

1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?


2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.


3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.


4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.


5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.


6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.


7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.


8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.


9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.


10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.


11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.


12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.


In the court we find the brazen altar, the first object approached by the priest as he started in the holy place. We then see the brazen laver between the altar and the door of the tabernacle. Upon entering into the holy place note the golden candlestick with its seven branches on one side of the tabernacle. Directly opposite the golden candlesticks on the other side of the tabernacle, is the table of shewbread and back of these in the center of the tabernacle, in front of the veil, is the golden altar of incense.


Look at the furniture in the outer court and in the holy place. Every piece of furniture, is a witness of death. Death at the altar, for at the brazen altar one dies to sin, at the brazen laver one is baptized into his death and buried with him by baptism. At the golden candlestick, which was the light of the tabernacle, even this spells death for it was light on God's Word that killed our tradition and unbelief. The table with its shewbread which represents the word of God, also pointed to death. For Paul said, "the letter," (word) killeth," and the altar of incense (a type of prayer. Psalm 141:2) also points to death, for when man approaches God through prayer, he has to die to self and the flesh.

Ps 141:2

2 Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense; and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice.


Approach the tabernacle with its ordinances, furniture, coverings, with the thought in mind, that it is a schoolmaster to bring man to Christ, and that through the law, which is a figure of things in heaven (not only on earth through the church dispensation), but a figure of things in heaven, Hebrews 9:23, 24.


Heb 9:23-24

23 It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.


24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:


The tabernacle and its plan was given to teach heavenly things.